A salvage archaeology excavation in Chur, the capital of the Swiss canton of Grisons, have actually discovered a stone precious jewelry mold and other proof of a busy middle ages craftsmen district. The molds was utilized to produce fashion jewelry and spiritual things. It is an incredibly rare find, the first of its kind in the canton. The only comparable examples ever discovered in Switzerland were found far to the north and northwest of Grisons in Bern, Basel, and Winterthur.
The unequal square procedures 9 x 8.3 x 3 centimeters (3.5 x 3.3 x 1.2 inches). One side has 2 stamp matrices with Christian iconography– a crucifix and a circle with a cross in the center– that would have been used to make pendants, buckles, medallions. There is likewise a cavity that would have made a little hoop, most likely for earrings. The other side of has another circle with a cross in the center, plus design templates for an eagle and an annular brooch. It dates to in between the 9th and 11 th centuries.
Archaeologists have been excavating the area near the previous Sennhof penitentiary because March in sophisticated of a renovation. Two previous excavations in 1984 and 1990 found the remains of settlements and burial places that confirm the location was continuously lived in from the late Bronze Age through today. This year’s excavation has actually shed light on the medieval city.
Currently an excavation group of the SAG is analyzing a south-east part of the constructed surface area, where inconspicuous structures have actually been brought to light in the form of postholes, pits and burial places, in addition to a substantial usage of stone paving. Especially noteworthy are the high number and kind of discovers discovered. It is a large quantity of animal bones (mainly horses) and semi-finished products and carvers’ production waste. Amongst the objects there are also bars in non-ferrous metals, spindles, glass slag and similar pieces. From the mix of basic wood buildings and discovers in specific material, it can be assumed that the area worked as a lab for different craft activities throughout the Low and high Middle Ages.
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Among the earliest settlements in Switzerland, Chur prospered in the second half of the 10 th century thanks to its location at the confluence of a number of Alpine trade routes and the Rhine. The regional producers of highly portable jewelry, trinkets and other crafts had access to those markets.
The jewelry mold is now going through comprehensive study and analysis for clinical publication. The items found in the excavation are tentatively arranged to go on public display screen in an exhibition, Commerce and Artisanship between the Lake of Constance and the Alpine Rhine, at the Chur museum in 2023.
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