Topics Covered: Indian culture will cover the salient elements of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
What to study?
For Prelims and Mains: Secret contributions to literature and Bhakti motion, crucial compositions.
Context: Department of Archaeology, Heritage and Museums will soon commence field research study work at Keshavapura in Araga Gram Panchayat (GP) of Tirthahalli taluk to check out conclusive archaeological evidences that might put an end to speculations relating to the birth place of Purandara Dasa.
What’s the issue?
There is much speculation about where Purandara Dasa, considered the pitamaha of Carnatic music, was born.
A skilled committee was made up by Kannada University, Hampi. It had actually concerned the conclusion that it was most likely a small village called Kshemapura (now called Keshavapura) at Araga hobli in Tirthahalli taluk of Shivamogga district in Karnataka. The committee discovered enough evidence to believe this location, which was a significant province of the Vijayanagara empire, was the birth place of the saint.
However, some have been arguing that the saint-poet was born in Purandaragadh, near Pune in Maharashtra, and lastly settled in Hampi.
Purandara Dasa (1484–1564) was a Haridasa, fantastic enthusiast of Lord Krishna and a saint.
He was a disciple of the well known Madhwa philosopher-saint Vyasatirtha, and a contemporary of yet another great Haridasa, Kanakadasa.
Purandaradasa was the leader who combined the abundant musical streams, namely the Dravidian and Aryan music, into a single stream known as Carnatic music.
Prior to his initiation to Haridasa tradition, Purandara Dasa was a rich merchant and was called as Srinivasa Nayaka.
Contributions to Indian Music:
- He formulated the fundamental lessons of teaching Carnatic music by structuring graded exercises called Svaravalis and Alankaras
- He presented the raga Mayamalavagowla as the very first scale to be learnt by newbies in the field– a practice that is still followed today.
- He likewise made up Gitas (simple songs) for newbie trainees.
- He is noted for making up Dasa Sahithya, as a Bhakti motion vocalist, and a music scholar.
- Purandara Dasa tried to reform existing practices in the society, and preached to others in the regional language, Kannada by singing devotional tunes. Many of his keertanas handle social reform and determines problems discovered in the society.
- It teaches complete self-surrender and unadulterated love towards Lord Krishna, the Supreme.
- The philosophy of Bhakti in Purandara Dasa’s structures comes from the important mentors of the realistic-pluralistic Madhwa Approach of Vaishnavism.
- Purandara Dasa battled the evils of casteism through his songs. In his song aavakulavaadarenu aavanadarenu aatma bhavavariyada mele he wonders what is the use if one does not comprehend the spirit of humanism whatever caste or status one may be certified to.
- According to Purandara Dasa there were no inequalities among males and females. Both of them had same rights and obligations in their conduct of everyday life as well as observation of pity.
- He made some powerful expressions on untouchability, which was dogging society.
Sources: the Hindu.